Chanterelles - grow in the deciduous and mixed woods. Appear at the beginning of June. These are very valuable mushrooms. They contain the most large amount of fat among mushrooms - 2,4%. Features of this mushroom that a mushroom hat convex with wrapped up edge, fleshy, smooth, yellow color. Leg short, expanded up and colors of a hat. The young mushroom contains vitamin B These mushrooms it is possible to cook, fry, pickle and salt.
In Europe about 500 types of edible fungi are, but in food only 80-100 types are applied. But it is always necessary to remember that the use of well-known and doubtful mushrooms has to be careful as action of mushrooms on a human body is often shown individually
Meadow honey agarics meet, they grow only on meadows. Possess a strong and pleasant smell. A meadow honey agaric still call a gvozdichny mushroom, since a smell at it slightly gvozdichny. It can be fried, pickled and dried.
Strochok — has the wrong form. A hat in deep folds, brown color. A leg cylindrical, yellowish in deep folds. Lines as well as in morels contain 3% of nitrogenous substances, 1% of sugar and it is a lot of aromatic substances. Edges of a hat partially grew together with a leg. Pulp thin wax-like with the expressed mushroom smell.
Legs of mushrooms settle down is central, eccentric, sideways. From the outer side they can be smooth or fine-fibered, sometimes with drawing in the form of a grid. At some mushrooms of a leg are covered with scales of various coloring or with the ring similar to a manzhetka, or without it. Mainly legs have a roundish or cylindrical form. On an internal structure - filled with pulp or hollow, and some are covered by friable trellised pulp inside.
It is rather successfully possible to grow up also morels and lines. For this purpose on a bed sow slices of fruit bodies, or lumps of the forest soil with a mycelium. After that beds cover with forest humus and leaves. To the soil add wood ashes. More difficult now is a culture, such shlyapochny mushrooms as white, a saffron milk cap, a milk mushroom. Separate experiences did not yield results yet, but a lot of things are already made. The Polish scientists managed to achieve fructification of cepe in laboratory. Already there is no doubt that the culture of Wild-growing mushrooms is almost possible and in the future can become one of branches of a national economy.
Kozlyak - a hat dirty pinkish-brown, smooth, in damp weather mucous. Thin skin mucous. A leg more often bent, dense, colors of a hat. Pulp dense, yellowish and henna-red. This mushroom is a good antibiotic. Besides, it is a valuable product and is applied for hot, cookings, picklings and dryings.
About mushrooms composed the most improbable fictions and tales. Their sudden plentiful emergence spoke as result of a lightning stroke. The good harvest of mushrooms was considered in one places as an evil omen, in others - good. People noticed that some of mushrooms grow, forming the correct circle the grass in which dries up. Without having the answer to a riddle, they connected this phenomenon with evil spirit. In Holland these circles considered as a place of storage of the bewitched treasures, in Germany - a place of dancing of witches.
The Polish mushroom – grows on glades of the mixed woods, a hat dark brown, dry, during wet weather the slippery. Leg of color of a hat, smooth. The pulp on air slightly darkens. It is applied to cooking, frying, pickling and a pickles. The dried mushroom has no aroma.
Hat at fir-tree thinner, than at the pine-forest. Hat fleshy, smooth. The leg of color of a hat or is a little lighter. At a break it is allocated pleasant for taste and began to smell juice of bright orange color. These mushrooms can be salted, fried and pickled.
Aspen mushrooms are white on which the bright red velvet hat is dressed. Leg dense, dark and fibrous, scaly. It is applied to cooking, frying, pickling and drying, has high flavoring properties.
Really, it is surprising plants. They have neither roots, nor leaves, they do not blossom and do not yield usual fruits with seeds. Botanists of the past knew that they breed not seeds, and disputes.
The mossiness mushroom green - is very similar to the Polish mushroom, a hat grayish or yellowish-brown, dry. A leg yellow or reddish, pulp white, on a break the bluish. This mushroom is used only in a fresh look - boiled or fried.